NEW PUPPY CARE
DAY ONE; your puppy may feel disoriented and frightened. He is, after all, just a baby leaving home and mommy and his security for a whole new life. He will need your constant companionship for the first few days to let him feel safe. Please don't expect him to sleep alone in a room away from the family at night, (this can come later if you wish). You may wish to decide upon a routine for housetrained that will work with your schedule. Cavaliers love routines and once they learn it, they willingly comply. Decide on some rules and let all members of the family be consistent.
HOUSEBREAKING; Cavaliers are usually quite easy to housebreak. x-pen training is what we use to begin the process. This means letting the puppy sleep at night in his bed inside the x-pen. The x pen should be kept in the family room where puppy can socialize with family. After every nap open door and call puppy "out-side" when outside say "go potty" As he is going potty, praise him and give him a small treat and let him inside or stay outside for play time. NEVER PLAY UNTIL HE GOES POTTY FIRST.
Your puppy will have to go often during the day. Cavaliers will often do a little circling dance before going, so try to watch for this, if puppy is inside at this time say "Out side", immediately carry him outside to his ''spot" and repeat command and praise. If you miss his dance and there is an accident, pick it up with a paper towel, gently show him the towel and the spot, - and say "NO" carry him and towel outside and praise him outside. If you do not have a doggy door, a pee-pad near the door may help for those times when you miss the signal. There are several enzyme deodorizing products that will neutralize past pet odors so that accidents will not be repeated.
Keeping puppy's water bowl outside will necessitate him going out. Often after drinking, he will want to relieve himself.
Teach your puppy the command "OUTSIDE!” This will let him know that when you say "outside", he must run towards the door. If you catch him starting to dance or squat, give the sharp command "Outside!" and guide him towards the door. Once outside, praise him as if it was his own decision to go outside.
Call your puppy outside every 2-3 hours, until you have an established routine.
We recommend an indoor "Exercise-Pen" 32 inches high or a confined safe area for the first few months with your puppy. This will minimize chewing damage and hazards such as cords or falling off furniture. He should be kept in the pen whenever you cannot be watching him, flooring under pen should be easy to clean. This area has a pee-pad or (Puppy Patch) on one end food, water and a bed or open crate on the other end.
FEEDING: I wean puppies on a goat milk formula and then raw diet. I start adding kibbles so you will have a choice to go either kibbles & cooked food or raw (raw is highly recommended.)
WATER: Bottled water is recommended. Any change in water, along with the stress of moving, may cause loose stools. This should diminish as the puppy's intestinal flora become accustomed to the change. You may wish to give him some natural bacteria or kaopectate if it persists. If your municipal water supply does not contain FLOURIDE, there are some brands of bottled water that have this and it may help your puppy avoid future tooth decay.
CHEWING; Good luck! Prevention is the best policy. Supply safe chew toys and divert puppy's attention away from chewing the wrong items. Bully bones, Taxas Taffy (by Merrik) works well. Keep unsafe items out of the "puppy zone".
HANDLING; Remember, your Cavalier is still a baby with growing bones until he is over a year old. Handle him gently, never picking him up by his front legs. Don't let him jump down from high places, even though he may try too. He may wish to play rough, but he doesn't know his own limits. Too much or too strenuous exercise can cause skeletal development problems, as can lack of activity. Puppy needs time not handled so it can sleep undisturbed. Remind your children of this need, puppies play hard & sleep a lot so don't worry.
TRAINING; Early puppy classes are not recommended until all vaccines are completed. Your veterinarian may be able to recommend an in house trainer to come to your home for some housetrained tips. After vaccines are complete, puppy socialization classes are helpful. Cavaliers are soft and sensitive and too much strict training at an early age can break their spirit. Don't expect too much too soon. Never use harsh training methods and always use praise and rewards. Cavaliers do very well in obedience classes. They are eager to please you and show you how smart they are.
VETERINARY CARE; consult your veterinarian for vaccination schedule and spay/neuter times. We recommend females be spayed before their first heat (6 months), and males neutered between 8-10 months. If your puppy has the typical umbilical hernia, it can be sewn up at time of spay/neuter. Cosmetic repair is not recommended if no other surgery is being done. Cavaliers tend to be more sensitive to anesthesia than other breeds. Make your veterinarian aware of this.
GROOMING; Cavaliers require very little grooming. A daily brushing with a soft natural boar bristle brush will prevent most shedding and keep coat in good condition. Bathe only as needed, (not more than weekly,) to prevent dry skin use mild shampoos and conditioners. TRIM DEWCLAWS regularly to prevent scratched eyes. Keep ears clean (wipe only when under 4 months, this will help to prevent ear infections.
DENTAL CARE; Clean teeth daily with special brush. Get your puppy used to this at an early age, even if his teeth look clean, there can be plaque build up.
1) "My Cavalier drags his bottom on the ground- is this a sign of worms?" This is an "old wives tale" Cavaliers clean themselves this way. They seldom lick themselves clean and prefer to rub clean. This is often misdiagnosed as anal gland problems and some vets will express the anal glands to stop this.
2) "My cavalier is snorting and choking". Cavaliers have short noses and soft skin flaps in their upper pallets. These sometimes catch and cause what is known as a "reverse sneeze". It is common and harmless, may do this when excited. You can often stop it by tucking their chin to their chest for a few seconds.
Any questions feel free to call me…760 518-8160